As California’s 2017 grape harvest begins to come into focus, it appears that the numbers around the state could very likely be down below what we’d expect from a “normal” crop. This makes sense at the end of a growing season that was anything but normal.
Harvest tonnage numbers are mostly anecdotal at this point, with clients providing some actual tonnage figures and extrapolating for regional estimates. After a satisfying wet winter and early heat, estimates looked promising early in the season. The early start and strong bunch counts had growers optimistic about a good-sized harvest.
However, as harvest got underway we started hearing about disappointing results at the weigh-scales, belying the apparent volume.
Then came record-setting temperatures on the North Coast over Labor Day that not only exceeded 110 degrees in some growing areas but also persisted for days, causing a mad scramble to pick what was ready and water what was not. The heat-related dehydration did not help the already lightweight clusters.
Lastly, the wildfires began with a portion of the latest ripening varietals still hanging in the vineyards.
Above all else, the wildfires were a human tragedy with many lives lost, thousands of homes destroyed and a massive disruption for thousands of families now faced with a daunting rebuilding process. Though several wineries were burned and some vineyards directly affected, the human toll of the destruction vastly overshadows any loss to grapes and property.
The fact that the direct damage to vineyards and winery infrastructure was limited is something we can appreciate. With about 90 percent of the North Coast harvest in tanks and barrels by early October, according to the North Bay Business Journal, the impact to the industry could have been far worse.
As bad as things generally looked and felt at the end of the harvest, North Coast 2017 volume seems to have fared well, with some bright spots (like pinot noir) offsetting reported declines (like North Coast chardonnay). This appears in contrast to the Central Valley, which obviously drives the total California harvest number, given the volume. The small California harvest will not help the overall global supply, which is increasingly tight.
In the October 2017 Wine Quarterly from RaboResearch, our analysts point out that 2017’s global production fell markedly. Wine regions in Europe were hit with a major frost in spring, followed by a severe heatwave and drought in summer, which reduced yields. Some parts of Bordeaux saw a 50 percent decline in volume. Overall, the harvest in France likely fell 10 to 20 percent, while the combined total for the world’s three largest producing countries (Spain, Italy and France) is likely to decline 15 percent overall.
Our Wine Quarterly also examines the impact of tighter supply and higher bulk prices, and what that might do to demand. It concludes that global wine consumption will likely fall. While this is an important development in the global context, much of the impact will likely be seen in the extreme value end European consumption and exports, which has little impact on the U.S. market.
Some price increases could eventually be seen in wines from the more premium regions of Europe (like Bordeaux and Rioja), which would be more relevant to the U.S. market. But the degree to which this will happen — and its impact on consumption — is still unclear.
Charles Day (Charles.Day@rabobank.com) is senior vice president and area manager of the North Coast Food & Agriculture group of Rabobank, N.A.
The content, views and opinions in this article are based upon research produced by Rabobank Food & Agribusiness Research and Advisory (now known as RaboResearch Food & Agribusiness). The information contained herein is intended for general educational purposes only and is not to be construed as legal, tax, or financial advice. Please consult with your own legal, tax or financial advisor for guidance with your own particular circumstances.
Vine Notes is a monthly column (see previous columns) by authors from Rabobank and Farella Braun + Martel.